Agriculture has traditionally been a sector with high undeclared work because of its seasonal character and because workers are hired daily.
As stated by recent literature and reinforced by 2016 European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work, cost effective ways of dealing with undeclared economy shift away from the ‘stick and carrot’ approach and rather rely on indirect controls.
It is crucial for key actors to learn from each other about what works and what doesn’t, to develop integrated and holistic approaches and to ensure cross-border cooperation that would draw together the efforts of Member States in their fight against undeclared work.
The overall mandate of this project is therefore to engage in strategic discussions and develop more responsive policies and measures contributing to tackling undeclared work in agriculture.
The project launched in January 2018 thanks to the funding of the European Commission.
In pursuing its overall mandate, Raise Up project is:
- Defining a shared understanding of holistic approach in prevention and deterrence of undeclared work through the evaluation of existing good practices;
- Establishing a policy dialogue to leverage existing policy measures;
- Designing evidence based roadmaps for future actions;
- Stimulating dialogue and help developing policies at international, national and institutional levels and increasing mutual trust among stakeholders;
- Building partnerships and engage stakeholders (media, networks and policy makers);
The RAISE UP Consortium is composed by eleven organizations.
FLAI CGIL, the project leader, is the largest Italian trade union in the agriculture sector and organizes workers employed, under-employed or unemployed in both agriculture and agro-food industry.
Flai establishes relations and cooperates with foreign union and associations involved in education and training, cooperation and solidarity.
In collaboration with local associations concerned with the phenomena of undeclared work and severe labor exploitation, it has also launched several “outreach trade union” projects to get in touch with and provide support to immigrant and/or undeclared workers.
Flai Cgil, together with Fai Cisl, Uila-UIL other two agriculture Italian unions, has signed an experimental tripartite agreement with employers, government ministries, and five regional authorities with the goal of uncovering undeclared work, driving out gang masters and ensuring respect for rights. The agreement establishes permanent “round tables” to attack exploitation by providing decent accommodation, free transport, mobile health services etc. The agreement will also support the development of information about rights and legal protection for workers. The network of quality agricultural work” aims to develop a list of agricultural companies that respect fair working conditions and to provide them with a certification of quality.
FNSZ is a full member of the Confederation of Independent Trade unions in Bulgaria, the biggest trade union organization in Bulgaria. Its overall aim is to protect and defend the rights and interests of its members in the field of labour/work, insurance relationship and leaving standard. DNS considers the social dialogue as a high priority and an effective tool to analyse and overcome the complex the complex challenges in the working area.
GLI EA, General Labour Inspectorate Executive Agency, is a subordinate administrator of budgetary funds with responsibilities to control the enforcement of labour legislation in Bulgaria, health and safety labour conditions and the promotion of employment in all undeclared work is the responsibility of the GLI. Since 2008 several legislative measures have been introduced in Bulgaria aiming to detect and prevent the incidence of undeclared work, including the adoption of a new labour inspection and changes in the labour code. The coordinated inspections and exchange of information of the General Labour Inspectorate, with other control bodies and trade unions proved to be an important factor p for increased detection of labour legislation offences and for transforming undeclared work into formal employment.
AGRO-SINDIKAT is a national Trade Union organization from FYROM representing agriculture, tobacco and food processing industry. Based on its representativeness Agro-sindikat is the unique trade union in the country competent to sign branch collective agreements.
Fondazione Metes, Flai Cgil’s affiliate, is a research and training, non-profit organization whose purpose is to promote and disseminate the values and the reasons of work, using the tools of research, knowledge, training and information to promote a culture of sustainability and to support policies aimed at the affirmation of a sustainable and inclusive economic development model.
ALPAA is a trade union organisation which represents workers and producers in the Agricultural, Food and Environmental sector, the so called “mixed figures” and small entrepreneurs in the sectors of agriculture, food environment and fisheries. These are social profiles, which cannot be assimilated to farms, since besides being employed workers, self-employed workers, retired or unemployed, they are also owners or run small farms and carry out small autonomous activities in the agricultural sector, from the processing of agricultural products to silviculture, environment and fishery activities.
The mutual learning consists of the analysis and comparison of 10 case studies (Foggia, Lecce, Trapani, Caserta, Latina, Saluzzo, Caserta and Gioia Tauro in Italy, in addition to the good practices implemented in Bulgaria and Republic of Northern Macedonia).
We asked them to design the work flow (see Check List), point out the obstacles and the solutions they put in place (see Analysis and evaluation of the training needs of the participants). The results were collected in a Vademecum (see Good practices to combat illegal work in agriculture).
The interviews were transformed into ten video capsules lasting a few minutes.
Videos and educational material can be accessed by registering on the platform until June 30th: https://fad.fondazionemetes.it/login/index.php
Then they will be free on YouTube. Click here for an overview: https://bit.ly/2KeCbnH
- Check List (ITA – EN – BG – NMK)
Step by step, what you have to do to organize an outreach activity
- Analysis and evaluation of the training needs of the participants (ITA – EN)
We asked the interviewees what are the main problems they face to organize an effective campaign to combat illegal work and what they would have to know in advance
- Vademecum of Good practices to combat illegal work in agriculture (ITA – EN)
The vademecum summarizes the good practices put in place to combat illegal work in agriculture and reconstruct useful guidelines for: identifying objectives, choosing the approach with the workers, identifying the right stakeholders and the ways of involving them.
- Booklet – Good practices to combat illegal work in agriculture (ITA – EN – BG – NMK)
In this booklet the solutions that have been put into practice and produced good results are collected in a schematic way and with a practical approach.
- Case studies – The experience of:
Basilicata (IT – EN – BG –NMK) Gioia Tauro (IT – EN – BG – NMK) Bulgaria (IT – EN – BG – NMK) Latina (IT – EN – BG – NMK) Caserta (IT – EN – BG – NMK) Lecce (IT – EN – BG – NMK) Cuneo (IT – EN – BG – NMK) North Macedonia (IT – EN – BG – NMK) Foggia (IT – EN – BG – NMK) Trapani (IT – EN – BG – NMK)
The network of Quality Agricultural Work was the first and concrete initiative aimed at developing positive actions to fight illegal work and “caporalato” in agriculture and it aims to recognize an ethical and respectful work organization.
La Rete del lavoro agricolo di qualità è stata la prima e concreta iniziativa finalizzata allo sviluppo di azioni positive di contrasto al caporalato e al lavoro nero in agricoltura e rappresenta il riconoscimento dell’organizzazione del lavoro etica e rispettosa della legge delle imprese aderenti.
Raise Up supports mutual learning on innovative policy measures and practices and their transfer into regional and national systems, where feasible, through cross-border cooperation.
This is possible thanks to a series of activities: a participatory action-driven research, five national workshops in Italy, Bulgaria and FYR Macedonia, three European workshops, a European dissemination event, the design of evidence based masterplans and roadmaps for future actions, a website, an online learning platform and a social campaign.